Is there a connection between social media and depression?
Social media sure has changed lives. It’s easier than ever today to stay in touch with family and old friends and even make new friends everyday with Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, Reddit and Instagram. In many ways, social media has made the world smaller and allowed us to connect with numerous people —- bridging gaps, expounding new possibilities, exposing us to new ideas every day and even letting us feel less isolated.
However, mental health experts warn against social media overuse, especially when it can generate a slew of overwhelming negative emotions like anxiety, jealousy, stress, rejection, pressure and the need to compare your life with those of others only to find shortcomings. ‘Social Media Depression’ is very real, and it’s time to take it more seriously.
When you compulsively start off your day by scrolling through Twitter, Instagram, Vine, Reddit and Facebook, it can start to have an effect on your mental health. This is particularly true for those who have negative experiences on social media, for example – cyberbullying, attack by trolls, unwanted or inappropriate social contact and gaffes. In fact, adolescents and young adults are most susceptible to social media depression because there are significant emotional risks associated with social media usage.
According to research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, the more time young adults spend using social media, the more likely they are to be depressed. There are many reasons for this. One could be that individuals who are more prone to depression and hence less keen on building real life relationships spend more time on the internet to fill a void. However, spending large amounts of time on social media can fuel “internet addiction,” which is a closely associated with depression. Social media also increases exposure to highly idealized representations of peers which can elicit feelings of envy and the distorted belief that others lead happier, more successful lives. Researchers studied this phenomenon in greater detail at Department of Behavioral Science, Utah Valley University, to find that spending a lot of time on Facebook can skew user perception. Their multivariate analysis indicated that subjects who spent more time on Facebook each week strongly believed that other people were happier and had better lives. Furthermore, many of them did not personally know their Facebook “friends”, even though they agreed these friends had better lives.
Researchers at Michigan State University have found that multitasking on social media is associated with depression and social anxiety. According to them, multitasking on various social media platforms is a growing trend and represents a unique risk factor for mental health problems related to mood and anxiety. Another study at University of Michigan found that the more young people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt as their satisfaction levels declined over time. Their research revealed that while Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection, it can undermine the feeling of wellbeing rather than enhancing it, especially in young adults.
No, just because you like to check up on what’s happening on your social media accounts once a day doesn’t mean that you’re going to become afflicted with social media depression. There’s nothing wrong with being active on social media and enjoying everyday interactions as long as they don’t hamper with your well-being.
However, social media can pose a problem when:
Studies have strongly linked internet addiction with depression. Those who regard themselves as dependent on the internet report high levels of depressive symptoms. These people are likely to engage a lot more on social media as compared to the normal population; for them interactions on the internet can serve as a replacement for real-life socializing.
Researchers from University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health found that using multiple social-media platforms may put you at increased risk of depression and anxiety. The study found that those who used 7-10 social-media platforms are three times more likely to be depressed or anxious compared to those using no more than two.
The problem begins when you start comparing yourself to others and feel worse about your life. A survey of 736 college students found that Facebook use can trigger feelings of envy. Feelings of envy were found to predict depression symptoms.
Celebrities on social media platforms live a glamorous life that you may try to emulate, and then feel depressed when your own life doesn’t measure up. If you follow Instagrammers who are fashion/health/nutrition experts, you can start to feel like a failure when your life doesn’t turn out like theirs.
So no one messaged you or mentioned you today on social media. Many people can start to feel neglected when no one comments on their posts and updates, because they start to feel like no one likes them anymore.
It’s not uncommon for people to friend their exes on social media. And that leads to romantic drama that WILL cause anyone pain! Additionally, it can feel devastating when you find out your favorite person ‘unfriended’ or blocked you.
It’s not uncommon for stalkers and trolls to target gullible strangers. No one wants to feel unsafe, and especially in their private social media space that can almost feel like REAL life to some.
You met a handsome guy from Italy and now you’re in love. But the truth is that he’s an aging pedophile from Wisconsin with a fake social media account. Being fooled into believing something that’s not true is always depressing.
As if being bullied in real life isn’t hard enough, increased social media use exposes you to the dangers of cyberbullying. Studies have found that cyberbullying is strongly linked to depression. There are higher chances of cyberbullying and depression in those who also suffer from internet addiction, according to research.
For those who treat the internet as their “real world”, it’s not uncommon to share everything. While there’s nothing wrong with sharing your daily updates, achievements, and funny stories, oversharing on the internet about your job, family, relationships and illegal activities can get you in a lot of trouble. Sometimes it’ll cause you embarrassment when someone will find out something not meant for their eyes, and at other times you could lose out on relationships and even privileges.
If you are spending way too much time on social media and are constantly feeling inadequate as a result, read on to identify signs that you’re prone to ‘Social Media Depression’.
No, we are not going to tell you to delete all your social media accounts stat!! Because social media has become such an integrated component of human interaction, it is important to learn how to strike the perfect balance.
The internet CAN have a positive effect on your mental health, especially when you choose who you interact with correctly. As proven by researchers from University of Wisconsin, given the frequency of depression symptom displays on public profiles, social networking sites could be an innovative avenue for combating stigma surrounding mental health conditions or for identifying students at risk for depression.
Your Social Media interaction MUST be positive. Think of it as a way to stay in touch with your friends; it’s not your whole life. That’s the best way to enjoy social media and not let it cause depression.
Media Multitasking Is Associated with Symptoms of Depression and Social Anxiety – http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/cyber.2012.0291
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIAL MEDIA USE AND DEPRESSION AMONG U.S. YOUNG ADULTS – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/da.22466/abstract
“They are happier and having better lives than I am”: the impact of using Facebook on perceptions of others’ lives. – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22165917
Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23967061
The relationship between excessive Internet use and depression: a questionnaire-based study of 1,319 young people and adults – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20110764
Facebook use, envy, and depression among college students: Is facebooking depressing? – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563214005767?via%3Dihub
Cyber and Traditional Bullying: Differential Association With Depression – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X10003435
The relationship between parental mediation and Internet addiction among adolescents, and the association with cyberbullying and depression – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010440X14003253
Feeling bad on Facebook: depression disclosures by college students on a social networking site – http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/da.20805/full
Use of multiple social media platforms and symptoms of depression and anxiety: A nationally-representative study among U.S. young adults – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563216307543