Drug Side Effects
In This Article
Insulin is at the center of the diabetes problem. In people with type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin effectively. The pancreas compensates by overproducing insulin, and in time, it simply cannot keep up with the demands of the body to keep glucose levels down. To provide enough insulin to the body to manage blood glucose levels, many diabetics are advised to take insulin shots.
The insulin in these injections is a chemical that is produced artificially to resemble the insulin made in our pancreas. This insulin works just like natural insulin by escorting sugar from our blood into our cells. Type 2 diabetics deal with a condition known as insulin resistance. It is a phenomenon where cells aren’t sensitive to the action of insulin (escorting blood glucose into cells) and hence, do not respond to it. This leads to the accumulation of glucose in the blood and is called hyperglycemia. Supplemental insulin given to Type 2 diabetics helps the body ‘muscle’ sugar out of the bloodstream and into cells.
Insulin injections are used to regulate blood sugar differently for the different diabetes-types:
The insulin shots are used because the blood sugar cannot be regulated with oral medications alone.
They also stop the liver from producing more sugar. Every type of insulin available in a drug store works in this way.
They, mainly, differ in two ways –
The dosage of insulin shots is decided as per the average food intake of the person. If the diabetic person eats less, it may result in their blood sugar going far lower than it should (hypoglycemia). On the other hand, if too little insulin is delivered, there will be too much blood sugar (hyperglycemia). The person may suffer from insulin overdose side effects. Either way, both conditions can be life-threatening.
If you experience any confusion, excessive sweating, hunger, palpitations and/or dizziness accompanied by blurred vision, you may be suffering from hypoglycemia caused due to insulin injection side effects.
Among insulin side effects, weight gain is something most diabetics are quite wary of. Insulin causes the body to store fat. It also helps to retain fluids and utilize glucose better. All of these factors play a vital role in diabetics gaining weight.
Some people have allergic reactions, not to the insulin itself, but to stuff added to the insulin, like preservatives (protamine, zinc etc.) and other substances.
Your doctor can check these adverse effects by:
The insulin shots may need to be combined with another drug called amylin analogs to help the body handle the insulin better.
Insulin gives excellent results in sugar control, when used along with amylin analogs. However, unless the beta cells of the pancreas are totally destroyed, going on insulin should be a carefully considered decision. Once you choose to regulate your blood sugar with insulin, it may be difficult to get off it.
There is an increasing number of doctors who are, now, questioning the role of insulin as a cause of diabetes. They feel that other ways of ‘reversing’ diabetes need to be adopted instead.
Meanwhile, research shows that dietary supplements can also help reduce the burden of prescription drugs and their side effects.
Before the use of insulin,
Missing an insulin shot is a frustrating thing. It can lead to a lot of stress and more pain than the injection itself. There are no hard and fast guidelines for what one should do if they’ve missed a dose. Ideally, you should contact your healthcare adviser if you do happen to miss a dose.
If you missed taking the long term / basal insulin and you realize it within two hours from the time you should have taken the shot, it shouldn’t be a problem if you inject your usual dose. But, you also need to understand that this carries the risk of hypoglycemia. So, it is better to talk to your healthcare adviser about it, beforehand.
If it has been more than two hours since you missed the dose, you will need to take a rapid acting insulin. Otherwise, the excess glucose that has been accumulating in your blood might make you hyperglycemic.
Insulin is injected subcutaneously under the skin. Always vary injection sites within the same region to reduce the risk of developing lumps.
(A slightly more descriptive procedure could be written, if need be.)
Be sure to follow all exercise and dietary plans created by your healthcare practitioner or dietitian. It is important to eat a healthy diet. Ideally, you should eat the same amounts and same kinds of foods at the same time every day. Skipping, delaying meals or changing the quantity or kind of food you eat can cause problems with your blood sugar control.
Drug interactions (drug on drug side effects):
Do not use insulin if –
Diabetes takes its toll on the mental and physical health of an individual. But, being a dietary disorder, it is reversible. It may be difficult, but it’s surely not impossible. Reversing diabetes requires patience, perseverance and emotional strength.
Anti-diabetic drugs often do more harm than good because they rob the body of certain vital nutrients. If these same nutrients are brought back in the body, it is possible to reduce the side effects and long-term health complications from both, diabetes and its medication. To do this, dietary supplements play an important role.
A healthy lifestyle, that incorporates a holistic diet, intermittent fasting, yoga, exercise, meditation and weight loss is the key to fighting and reversing diabetes, effectively.